CIRCULATED ENGLISH MONTHLY OF J&K
A News Magazine of Kashmiri Pandit Community
|| Home | October 1st-15th, 1999 ||
October 1st - 15th, 1999
COME PUBLICTHE demand by the American Senators to the US President for appointing a special envoy on Kashmir underlines the imperialist mindset behind it. Despite the rejection of this demand by the US government, its subtle diplomatic monoeuvres indicate a different story.
Recently Pakistan’s high profile diplomat Mr Niaz Naik told the Pakistani media that India and Pakistan had virtually agreed on the final deal on Kashmir. This deal, which Naik named “Chenab Solution”, envisaged a two stage formula. In the first stage LoC was to be converted into an international border. Subsequently the dilution of sovereignity was to be conceded to the respective regions through a regional plebiscite under a time bound frame. Offically both the governments have contradicted the statement of Mr Naik. Only a few days back Mr Naik was again in India creating doubts about these denials. More intriguing is the BJP’s choice of Mr R.K. Mishra as its special envoy in the secret parleys. Mr Mishra the former editor-in-chief of the pro-left Patriot has been known for his strong anti-BJP views.
The general impression among the concerned Indian Public is that some sort of secret mediation on Kashmir, brokered by US, is on. The Congress Party did raise some serious issues in this context but its protestations, in view of its low credibility, were lost in the din.
In view of the opportunistic nature of the Indian political class, the issue of national security particularly with regard to Jammu and Kashmir cannot be left simply to the ruling leadership. Time has come when the nation has to do some plain speaking to the ruling elite about the so-called track-2 approach and backroom diplomacy on Kashmir.
The pronouncements of senior BJP leaders that ‘India still suffers from the cold war mentality against Americans’ is disturbing. Besides it also indicates radical shift in Indian Foreign Policy about which every body in the country continues to be in dark. It is imperative that the BJP leadership comes public on its cryptic diplomacy on Kashmir.
EC PLAYS DOWN POSTAL BALLOT FRAUD
VOTING SCHEME FOR NO FRANCHISE
Special CorrespondentWhile the Chief Election Officer ordered an inquiry into the alleged fraud in the issuance of postal ballot papers meant for displaced Kashmiris from, Bijbehara assembly segment, the office of the Election Commissioner appears to have embarked upon diversionary tactics to play down the entire fraud. What irks the Election Commission most can be summed up in the words of CEO SV Bhave, “The matter is of serious nature and needs to be investigated as to how PDP activists got hold of the ballot papers.” That the entire procedure of casting postal ballots by the displaced voters has been subverted to rig the voting in favour of a particular party does not appear to concern the Election Commission as much.
The local media in Jammu brought to the fore what the termed as the ‘biggest poll fraud’, during the ongoing polls in Jammu and Kashmir after the unearthing of a large number of postal ballot papers which were stamped allegedly in favour of the ruling party. Though the concerned voters never applied for these ballots, as required under the rules, their ballot papers were issued intriguingly by the office of the Election Commission. Most of the declaration forms, which are a requirement for applying for the postal ballot, are also reported to have been clandestinely verified either by zonal officers or through fake seals and forged signatures of gazetted officers. It is also being said that those involved in casting bogus votes had attested the applications themselves and then submitted to the Assistant Returning Officer.
Another intriguing aspect of this controversy of fraudulent polling through bogus postal ballots is that the newly formed regional outfit of People’s Democratic Party claimed to have seized 2700 postal ballots from the residence of former MLC Bhushan Lal Bhat on NC. Sh Ved Mahajan convenor of PDP claimed that a team of their activists caught the former MLC Mr Bhat red handed in the wee hours on September 16th while he and his associates were busy casting them in favour of the NC candidate for the Bijbehara assembly constituency. Mr Mahajan demanded a CBI inquiry into the whole affair and said that the present elections in the state were a farce and the Election Commission and ruling National Conference are holding polls in complicity.
Rebutting the claims of PDP, Sh BL Bhat claimed innocence and threatened that he will file a defamation petition against the local paper which brought out the story. Sh Bhat instead is reported to have blamed BJP for misusing postal ballots. Interestingly Mr Bhat was seen actively canvassing amongst his Pandit acquaintances pleading them to play down the whole issue as it may cause embarassment for the country in the international fora.
The complicity of employees in the Election Commission in the entire episode cannot be ruled out. The major flaw in the entire process of casting of votes by displaced Kashmiris through postal ballots has been the practice by the Returning Officers of sending the blank ballot papers in the name of applicants not on their house addresses but in bulk to zonal officers of displaced camps or prominent persons of particular areas. The office of the Chief Electoral Officer for the state accepts this to be a loophole in the procedure of postal ballot polling but claims that this practice was more because of non-availability of the proper addresses of the displaced applicants.
The scrutiny by our investigating team revealed that through fake attestations various vested interests apply for postal ballots giving a common address for communication. The Returning Officers very casually post the postal ballots to these addresses which are then sent back after stamping them in favour of a particular contesting candidate. “The first step which CED should have taken, even without enquiry was to suspend the concerned officers who were responsible for sending postal ballots in bulk only to particular addresses, instead of the home address of the applicants,” said Sh Kuldeep Raina General Secretary of Panun Kashmir.
The explanations by the Election Commission that they have to send the postal ballots to the respective zonal officers because the proper addresses of applicants are not available is ridiculous and also smacks of complicity. The residential tenements in the displaced camps are not only properly demarcated but are easy to locate than in other places. Many observers wonder as to why Election Commission did not choose to have polling booths around Pandit localities, where proper polling would have decreased the chances of bogus voting.
The entire controversy however, has once again brought to the focus more fundamental questions with regard to the issue of voting in exile. “The process of exercising franchise in exile is farcical”, said Prof ML Koul who has written many books on Kashmir. “We are being asked to vote for a constituency where our homes have either been destroyed or illegally occupied. We are not aware of the issues of our constituency. Nor are the contesting candidates in position to address our problems in exile,” Mr Koul said. Another prominent intellectual of the community Prof BL Fotedar said,” Isn’t it ridiculous to vote for an area where I can’t live. Displacement of Pandits poses a fundamental challenge to Indian Nation which the GOI circumvents by enacting a farce of our participation in elections”.
Dr Shakti Bhan the leading Gynecologist and Head of Daughters of Vitasta while commenting on the postal ballot rigging, summed up the irony of the entire situation, “voting in exile for us has been actually a cosmetic exercise to tell people of India that we have not been excluded from the democratic process. Voting in exile has been basically a no franchise for us.”
Meanwhile, taking note of the criticism of the Election Commission by Panun Kashmir, Chief Electoral Officer Sh S.V. Bhave held a meeting with the Panun Kashmir delegation on Sept 28, 1999. Panun Kashmir delegation was lead by Dr Ajay Chrungoo and the its other members were Sh. Kuldeep Raina, Prof. M.K. Teng and Prof. B.L. Fotedar. CEO is reported to have assured Panun Kashmir of all possible measures to correct the process of polling through postal ballot and punish the guilty involved in the bogus postal ballot voting. Dr Ajay Chrungoo disclosed to the KS Correspondent after the meeting that PK had not only demanded action against the guilty but also urged the Election Commission to review afresh the entire political process in the state.
PERILS OF REGIONALISM
By C.P. BhambhriThe changing political landscape has brought into focus the new emerging role of regional parties. Mr P. Chidambaram recently highlighted this fact before a distinguished group of international business leaders by observing that the regional parties are “close to the people and impatient to develop India”. Not only this. The Chief Ministers, who represent the regional parties and aspirations, are “actively involved in deciding national affairs”.
It is essential to demystify the reality or regional parties and politics for properly understanding the real challenges of emerging regionalism in India. Every single state in the southern, eastern north-eastern, northern and north-western regions is involved in either inter-state boundary or river water disputes. Since every regional party is co-terminus with its state boundaries, these parties cannot negotiate with their neighbours because of the fear of alienation of local state sentiment on the basis of which these parties come to power.
Mr Parkash Singh Badal raised the demands of Punjab and Mr Bansi Lal of Haryana, a neighbouring Chief Minister of a regional party, vetoed Mr Badal’s demand because the regional parties of Punjab and Haryana have to take care of their respective regional sentiments. Mr Chandrababu Naidu of Andhra Pradesh, Mr Karunanidhi of Tamil Nadu or Mr Mahanta of Assam may be experiencing new freedom in the context of regionalisation of Indian politics, but these Chief Ministers have not been able to find any solution on their own to either inter-state river water disputes like Cauvery or Almatti or inter-tribal or intra-tribal fratricidal wars in north-east India. Regional parties are nurtured and nourished by local sentiments and it is impossible for them to resolve inter-state disputes without a powerful arbiter i.e. an effective Central government.
The regional parties represent local caste and class interests and these interests come into conflict with either the neighbouring states or with larger social goals of development of India. The Akali Dal of Punjab represents caste, community and class interests of the Jat Sikh capitalist farmer and Mr Badal emerged as a lobbyist of his social constituency by raising the issue of the minimum support price for wheat. Further, he has issued a warning to the whole country that if the support price for wheat is not enhanced to Rs 550 or Rs 650 per quintal, the official procurement agencies will not be able to induce the farmer to sell his products to them and the modified Public Distribution System will not succeed in the absence of new incentives to the producers of wheat.
Mr Bansi Lal of Haryana, leader of the Haryana Vikas Party, also jumped on the bandwagon of Mr Badal, to win over the support of the farmers of Haryana. Many illustrations like these can be mentioned to prove that the socalled regional parties are neither socially neutral nor a great model of good governance. Fiscal deficit, populist schemes, and bankruptcy of the State Electricity Boards are the highlights of governance by the regional parties. Not only this. Many regional parties have not been able to provide an alternative of model governance as compared with the erstwhile governments of the Congress Party.
The Janata Dal and the Bahujan Samaj Party governments of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are in no way an improvement over the Congress governments of these states. Like the erstwhile Congress state governments, many regional parties have consciously obstructed the development of local democratic institutions in their states. It may be mentioned that the Left Front Government of West Bengal and the Left Democratic Front or the United Democratic Front Governments of Kerala have shown many innovations in governance but the explanation in these cases is that they are regional governments led by parties which have a national perspective as distinguished from the pure regional parties like the DMK-AIADMK. TMC, TDP, AGP, Akali Dal, VHP, or the Janata Dals. Regional parties have actively followed the practice of erstwhile Congress governments in breaking and bending the state civil services for purely partisan purposes.
The upshot of the above argument is that it is wrong to romanticize the regional parties. These parties have not shown any new quality of governance. Not only this. Many regional parties have intensified the feelings of parochialism and language fanaticism. The Kannada Development Authority is fanatically promoting the cause of Kannada language without learning a lesson from West Bengal where the policy of devaluing of the English language brought disastrous consequences for the people of that state. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh have entered the dark ages in the field of education because of the ill-conceived language policy of the Hindi enthusiasts of these states.
Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen have come to a tragic conclusion about UP by observing that “the region is characterised inter alia by exceptionally high levels of mortality, morbidity, undernutrition, illiteracy, and social inequality, and a slow pace of poverty decline” and their considered judgement is that the total failure of public services or governance is responsible for the present dismal situation of UP as compared to the other backward states. The powerful regional leaders of UP and Bihar like Mr Mulayam Singh Yadav, Ms Mayawati and Mr Laloo Prasad Yadav have not shown any capacity to pull out UP and Bihar from backwardness.
The governance of India requires a political arrangement which responds to the needs of unity and diversity. The recent truck drivers strike is the best illustration of the existing inter-linkages in India. The national market can get regionalised and balkanised if regions are allowed to manage them according to their local needs and priorities. An active role of the Central government is essential to maintain a proper balance between the local needs of regions and the national and international priorities of India.
Europe has taken more than forty years to realise that a unified Common European Market will provide scales of economy to compete with the continental-sized economy of the US. India has a natural advantage of large size and resources which are found all over the country, and an ineffective Central government and local-oriented regional parties pulling in different directions will lead to internal regional civil conflict on the movement of goods and services.
Punjab and Haryana have given a warning that wheat is not available except on the terms and conditions laid down by Mr Badal and Mr Bansi Lal. The ULFA or ASSU-AGP in Assam may follow Mr Badal and Mr Bansi Lal and stop the flow of oil to the country. The Deve Gowda government was inherently fractured to manage the affairs of India with a perspective which included national and local priorities of governance. It was a sum-total of regional parties, groups and leaders and showed its weaknesses while dealing with pressures from regional parties and leaders.
Hence, individuals and leaders who are glorifying the emergence of new cooperative federalism in India are actually rationalising the ineffectiveness of the Central government to provide an all-India perspective for national development in the context of the New Global World Order. The Telugu Desam Party chief, Mr Chandrababu Naidu, wants that Article 356 of the Constitution should be deleted, and the Deve Gowda government, the heroic model of Mr Naidu, imposed President’s rule in Uttar Pradesh.
The so-called Gujral doctrine and Mr Farooq Abdullah’s dreams of state autonomy can succeed only if the Central government occupies a pre-eminent position in the governance of the country and regional formations can expect resolution of their legitimate demands only if the Centre functions in a proper manner.
Source: Hindustan Times
REGIONAL POLITICS WILL CRIPPLE GOVERNANCEDemocratic political process in India has witnessed the gradual emergence of regional parties as an alternative to the Congress. Whenever the Congress has been made to vacate political space, the voters have opted for regional leaders and parties.
The DMK/AIADMK has successfully marginalised the Congress in Tamil Nadu and there is the Akali Dal in Punjab and Telugu Desam in Andhra Pradesh. Further, except the Congress, other all-India political alternatives like the BJP and the two Communist Parties are strong in only a few states.
The CPI-M is strong in West Bengal, Tripura and Kerala and the BJP has shown effective political presence in Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The Janata Dal has autonomous state party units and its all-India claim is a political fiction because Biju Patnaik of Orissa, Laloo Prasad Yadav of Bihar, Ramakrishna Hegde and H.D. Devegowda of Karnataka are purely regional leaders who operate under an abstraction known as the Janata Dal.
The post-1989 phase of Indian politics has been a definite break with the past. Strong regional parties and leaders have successfully challenged the Congress party. Hence it is essential to analyse the support base of the regional parties and their role in Indian politics.
In a multicultural, multilingual and multireligious country like India, a political party may emerge to promote and protect distinct cultural or language identity. The DMK/AIADMK has been perceived by the Tamilians as defenders of the Dravidian culture; the Akali Dal in Punjab has openly mixed religion with politics to project itself as the defender of the Sikh identity.
Continuing electoral defeats of the Congress Party and the emergence of regional political formations is integrally linked with the changes which are taking place in the power structure and social relations in rural India. During 1960s, new social forces emerged in rural society because of the implementation of land reforms. These new agrarian classes also belonged to the category of backwards in the caste hierarchy in India.
NEW landlords or peasant proprietors became uncomfortable in the caste and class coalition of the Congress party of the 1950s and 1960s, and sections of middle peasantry and backward castes started walking out of the Congress after its electoral defeat of 1967.
Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the most articulate caste and class leader of the emerging peasant castes floated Bharatiya Kranti Dal which was the first peasant-based regional party in Uttar Pradesh. Since 1967, the Congress party has been making every effort to maintain its support base among the emerging powerful middle peasantry and it has been a difficult journey for the party.
Veerappa Moily in Karnataka was making every effort to secure the support of dominant peasant castes like Vokkaligas and Lingayats for the Congress. These dominant castes shifted their support to the Janata Dal and the Congress party lost the elections in Karnataka.
The Congress party is involved in a basic struggle to win over the surplus producing peasantry in rural India and Balram Jakhar and Rajesh Pilot make every effort to promote and protect the interests of rich farmers and mobilise their support for the Congress.
Two inter-related questions arise here with regard to the emergence of the regional parties and declining political power of the Congress. Why is it that the upwardly mobile middle peasant of the backward castes are leaving the Congress in favour of regional parties? And what are the implications for the governance of India in the context of emerging regionalism in politics?
The surplus generating peasantry wants State governments which will accord highest priority to their demands like high procurement prices, power and irrigation, subsidies, reservations in public services and educational institutions without the creamy layer among the dominant backward castes being excluded. Regional political parties and leaders can be relatively more accommodative than an all-India party which has to harmonise many conflicting and competing social interests.
Every regional party claims to care for ‘national interests’ but objectively regional leaders protect and promote exclusive regional interests. Political parties operate on the basis of their social base. The farmers of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu look towards their own regional party for the Kaveri waters.
The all-India institutions of the Government cannot operate without a politically strong Central Government. The CBI raid on Darul-Uloom Nadwatul Ulema brought this fact into sharp focus--the Chief Minister of a regional party was interested in his electoral constituency instead of national interests. Mulayam Singh Yadav was the first person to delegitimise an all-India institution of governance to win the favour of his local social support.
Such illustrations can be multiplied to prove that the emerging regionalisation of politics and the declining political power of the Central government will create situations of ‘immobilism’ in governance in India. Regional parties of economically developed States will come into conflict with regional parties of the backward States and arbiter will be required to implement the provisions of the Indian Constitution to deal with such inter-State conflicts.
The votaries of regionalism in the absence of effective Central government should be concerned about the serious crisis of governance in India.
--Source: Hindustan Times
C.P. Bhambhri is a Professor of Political Science at the Jawaharlal Nehru University.
BJP PLAYS FOOTBALL WITH KP ACTIVISTS
Political CorrespondentPresenting Kashmiri Pandit as the ‘ethnic other’ constituted one of the most important components of the Muslim subnationalist politics in the state. It helped in the sharpening of the Muslim communal identity. However, the politics of bias and marginalisation practised by the state BJP vis-a-vis Kashmiri Pandits defies logic.
For last one decade the entire organisational structure of Sang Parivaar as existed in Kashmir before forced exile of Kashmiri Pandits, has been either dismantled or relegated to a position of no-consequence. Almost entire cadre base of Kashmir BJP-RSS as existed before exodus in 1989 has been replaced by now. These cadres who had been witness to the evolution of BJP-RSS in Kashmir valley had started posing inconvenient questions to the RSS-BJP leadership in the state and had become suspect. Those old cadres which chose to remain within the fold are also not treated better and are being subjected to persistent humiliation by treating them as expendible. The humiliating treatment meted out to the senior party activist Sh Opinder Bhat recently by the BJP high command amply reveals this attitude.
Sh Opinder has been working in various capacities at the BJP office in Jammu since his displacement from Kashmir. Till recently he was one of the few party functionaries in BJP office who somehow had managed to steer clear of the intra-party squabbles. Following the assassination of the BJP nominee for Anantnag parliamentary constituency Gulam Hyder Noorani, BJP had announced the candidature of Dr Abdur Rehman Sheikh. However, Sheikh’s failure in filing his nomination papers as a result of the abduction of his son at Qamarwari, made BJP High Command to search for an alternative candidate.
As per reliable sources the President of the State BJP Unit Sh Daya Krishen Kotwal is reported to have directed Opinder Bhat to make preparations for filing in his nomination papers as an alternative to Dr AR Sheikh. Surprised by the sudden developments Sh Opinder is said to have reluctantly started preparations to leave for Srinagar only to honour the directives of the State Party President. However as per reports, at the very last moment he was communicated that the party high command had decided to change its choice in favour of Showkat Wani as the new BJP candidate for Anantnag. The story would have ended right here, had the party unit in Anantnag not spilled the beans. Dr Abdur Rehman openly voiced the resentment on behalf of BJP Party Unit in Anantnag condemning the arbitrary way of functioning by Sh Vivek, the Organising Secretary of BJP in the state. Dr Rehman blamed the new BJP candidate Showkat Wani for the abduction of his son in connivance with some surrendered militant groups, only to sabotage his candidature. He expressed surprise as to how the unanimous choice of the party unit in Anantnag in favour of Sh Opinder was ignored.
The apparently stunned BJP high command instead of looking into the allegations made by Dr Abdur Rehman resorted to tactics which only reflected its mindset vis-a-vis the displaced Pandits. Through a press-note which was carried by the local daily, it virtually disowned Opinder Bhat as a party functionary. The local BJP described Sh Opinder as a person who was working with them only for last few years. The Kashmiri Hindu activists in Sangh Parivaar were at a loss to explain such a volte face by the BJP high command.
The entire decision of replacing the candidature of Dr Abdur Rehman with Mr Showkat Wani whose credentials have been dubious, as per reliable sources, is being attributed to a select coterie within BJP which is believed to be advocating a pro-NC line. It is not clear whether the Election Committee of BJP decided the candidature of Sh Showkat Wani after following the due procedure laid down by Party or the decision was taken by Sh Vivek in consultation with another former organising secretary of the BJP who is supposed to be the main strength of this pro-NC cotrie in BJP.
Inner party sources, on the condition of anonymity, have disclosed that the decision to nominate Sh Showkat Wani had very little to do with elections in Anantnag. It was mainly to convey to the state party president Sh Daya Krishan Kotwal his place in the power politics of the party. Sh Opinder became a scape goat in this intra party power game. The confidence and appreciation of the up coming party unit in the Valley for Opinder only added to his cup of woes as it alarmed the party high ups in Jammu who are averse to any prominent role of a Kashmiri Pandit in the affairs of the Valley.
Sh L Moza had also suffered almost a similar humilation when subsequent to his contesting elections in the Valley in 1996, he was replaced as the head of the migrant cell of the party.The prominence he got in the media during his election campaign had raised a many eyebrows in the party high command in Jammu, particularly the pro-NC lobby. The better presentability and articulativeness of Sh L Moza, which in any other situation would have been his asset, became his liability. At that time Moza’s replacement was attributed to his non-RSS backround. However Sh Opinder’s life long services in RSS mission was no immunity to save him from intra-party slander campaigns.
The attitude of the local BJP toward Kashmiri Pandits hierarchy is brought out by another incident reported by local media in Srinagar. The state BJP was in search of the party office in Srinagar. The local Muslims were reluctant to help BJP in this venture. The BJP unit in Srinagar chose the easier way and forced their way into the house a Kashmiri Pandit widow in her absence. When the old lady returned and objected to their presence she was manhandled. This matter was taken up with the state President of BJP who chose to ignore the entire event. Subsequently Kashmir BJP occupied more houses abondoned by Kashmiri Pandits as their election campaign offices.
The feeling of being an expendable factor appears to be growing sharply among the displaced Kashmiri Pandits involved particularly with the Sang Parviaar activities. However, it is yet to find a purposeful expressions. Many old BJP-RSS activists confide privately that they are tight lipped only not to weaken their larger struggle.
INDIA IN SIEGE
By Dr. M.K. TengThe Sanskritisation of Himalayan hinterland extending from Afghanistan to the Mongolian deserts of Gobi, was brought about by the Hindus of Kashmir. The periodisation of the history of proto-Aryan culture in India, must be reviewed now and rescued from the colonial concepts of the race movements across India. The divide that has been, so far claimed to intervene between the proto-Aryan India and the Sanskrit culture of the Indo-Gangetic India, is imaginary and unfounded in sociological data. The civilisation of India, as conceived in colonial frames of reference, was confined to boundaries which never existed in the history of India. Indian civilisation was always a totality, with its Sanskrit substructure, of which the Hindus in Kashmir formed an inseparable part.
The Muslim expansion into India, was the first assault on the modes of the Sanskrit society. The civilisational conflict inherent in the Muslim expansion in India, characterised the entire course of history, which followed right up to the end of the British colonial empire in India.
The Hindus of Kashmir, so far, they were not exposed to the Muslim expansion, evolved the aspects of the Indian civilisation, which marked a rare intellectual brilliance, in integrating the Vedic spiritual culture into a single unity. The Semitic expansion into India suddenly put the Hindus in Kashmir on the frontline of a conflict, which later continued for a millennium, and which consumed them ruthlessly, till the Sikhs came to their rescue. When Ranjit Singh wrested Kashmir from the Durani Afghans, he was stunned to learn from a census, he had ordered to be conducted that of the quarter a million of the population of Kashmir, who were Hindus at the time of the Muslim conquest of the Valley, hardly twenty eight thousand survived. The rest had been converted or killed.
The reductionist rationa-lisation of the cultural change, claimed more by the Indian scholars of the history of Northern India, than the British and the European scholars, forms part of the post-colonial expressions of Indian reaction to Muslim dominance. Few societies in the world have accepted change in their tradition and the mores of their ethics out of recognition of a symbiosis in cultural confrontation. Indeed the rise of semitic religions in the west, the supersession of Budhism over the Bon, Confucianism and Taoism, in Far East, was a consequence of powerful military and violent struggle. Northern India, more specifically Kashmir, could not be an exception.. The Jengezide Mongols, who spread across Asia, into the Middle East and then South Europe, carried the nascent ingredients of the early Budhism with their vast expansion and destroyed everything that came in their way. Kublai Khan, the grandson of Changis, enforced the Buddhist faith in most of the Central Asia and far East. The phenomenon of the extinction of the Sanskrit Hindus and their cultural heritage in Kashmir, was a part of the same historical process, which determined the rise of Christianity and Islam. Inquisition was a principal feature of all semitic faiths and it continues to be so even now. Pakistan represents the same tradition.
Martyrdom in Kashmir must, therefore be visualized in the process of Indian history. Unfortunately for this country, inspite of the great renaissance, the exposure of its people to British liberalism, led to the leadership of the Indian liberation movement, to override the assertion of the Muslim India for a separate political wheitage fact, which led straight to the partition. The leadership of the Congress, sought a reconciliation with the Muslims with the help of the inertness of the Hindu civilisation suppressed into subordination over a millinium. It had a direct impact on the Northern India, which was ultimately broken up and ravaged.
The, partition, the logical consequence of the attempt to seek a reconciliation of the national identity of India, with the quest for a Muslim power in India, did not end, the basic conflict, which had its roots, spread over the centuries of Muslims rule in India. Akbar the great Mughal, erroneously venerated for religious tolerance, was as committed to the Islamisation of India, as Babar was. He changed the strategies the earlier Mughals had followed. Not surprisingly therefore, the process of the destruction the Hindus undertaken in Kashmir was as rigorous during the Mughal rule as it was during the Muslim Saltanate. The Muslim struggle for ascendence in the north crystalised in seeking to integrate the Muslim majority provinces in India, into the Muslim State of Pakistan. In the princely. States, which were not even remotely linked with the partition of the British India and the creation of Pakistan, the Muslims demanded the Muslim majority for their Muslim commonwealth. They swallowed Kalat, against the will be of its ruler, flushed out Hindus from Bahawalpur, to annex it to Pakistan and then invaded Jammu and Kashmir a Muslim majority princely state.
In the invasion of Jammu and Kashmir, around thirty eight thousand Hindus and Sikhs were killed. Perhaps, the number would have been far larger, but for the heroic resistance the Hindu officers and men of the State army offered to the invaders. The Muslim officers and ranks deserted the State army, when the invaders rolled into the State. Perhaps, few of the hundred thousand Hindus, trapped in the Kashmir Valley would have survived, if Brigadier Rajinder Singh and the handful of his gallant men, would not have laid down their lives and delayed the entry of the invaders into the Uri bowl, for two and a half critical days, which earned moments of reprieve for Maharaja Hari Singh and his Hindu subjects.
Four decades after the partition, the civilisational conflict, manifested itself in a different form, and struck the Hindus in Kashmir and Jammu, with a ferocity, no less in its severety, than fascism, before the second world war. Beside the genocide the Hindus faced, their whole community was forced out of Kashmir. Later the hatchet fell on the Hindus in the Muslim majority regions of the Jammu province. Hindus are actually paying the forefiet, for a leadership in India, which has failed to realise the historical import of the civilisational conflict, in which the Hindus have been on the frontline. Where do we find the martyrs, in a struggle, which has a history of centuries. Martrydom for Hindus, has indeed, been the only way to their freedom.
The war of subversion being waged in Jammu and Kashmir must be visualised in its proper perspective as a part of the Muslim crusade to extend Muslim power into India. The terrorist violence in Kashmir commenced with the genocide of the Hindus and their exodus from Kashmir. The battle lines were not drawn inadvertently, but with a deliberate intent which had an ideological basis in the long civilisational struggle for which Northern India was the battle ground. The Hindus in Kashmir, who formed the northern most salient of the Sanskrit civilisation, remained for more than six centuries on the frontline of the great civilisational conflict. Slowly they were consumed in the long struggle. Those left alive, continue resistance to the various forms of ideological precedence the Muslims claimed.
In his presidential address to the first All India States Peoples Conference, held in Kathiawar in 1929, Pandit Shankar Lal Koul, a Kashmiri-speaking Hindu, called for the recognition of the in alienable unity of the States and the British India, which he proclaimed formed one and an indivisible nation. Lalla Muluk Raj Saraf joined the conference as a delegate from Jammu. The Indian leaders dragged their feet and refused to integrate the liberation movement in the states with the national movement in the British India. The Muslims in India had a deep interest in the segregation of the states from the British India, for the states spread over nearly half the territory of the British empire in India and were populated by a hundred million Hindus. Indeed the Muslim League insisted upon the exclusion of the states from the rest of India as a basis for any constitutional settlement of the Indian question.
The fundamental conflict between the assertion Shankar Lal Koul made in his presidential minute to the All India States People’s Conference and the Muslim League came to surface when the Muslims cut away a part of the Northern Indian to form the State of Pakistan. They insisted upon the dissolution of the Paramountancy to swallow not only the Muslim ruled States in India, which they claimed on the basis of prescription, but the Muslim majority states as well, which they claimed on the basis of the right to precedence of the Muslim majority in such states. The inability of the Indian leadership to resist the lapse of the paramountancy again pushed the Hindus in Jammu and Kashmir to the frontline.
The subversive war being waged in the North of India, is the part of the same historical and elemental conflict. The Indian civilisation is in a state of siege. The Indian people must redeem their pledge to freedom. The siege must be broken.
The Author is the internationally acclaimed Kashmir expert who has retired as the Head of the Deptt. of Political Sciences of Kashmir University.
‘POLITICAL PROCESS IS A SHAM’-PANUN KASHMIR
K.S. CorrespondentJAMMU: Panun Kashmir raised some basic questions about the outlook of Government of India on the political process in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, while addressing a press conference in Press Club, Jammu on 25th Sept. 1999. The press conference was organised by Panun Kashmir to express its views on the on going elections in the state in general and the fraudulent use of postal ballots in particular. The press conference was jointly addressed by Dr Ajay Chrungoo Chairman Political Affairs and Prof M.K. Teng Head of its Advisory Committee of Panun Kashmir.
‘We have taken a serious note of the evidence brought to the fore by the local media with regard to the fraudulent polling through postal ballots in the recently conducted elections in the state’, Dr Ajay said and censured the Election Commission for trying to play down the entire event. He further expressed his grave concern, ‘that right from its inception, the procedure of postal ballot devised by the Election Commission for the participation of exiled community in the polling has been allowed to be used with impunity in such a way that the entire process has become a ploy to disinherit the Hindus of Kashmir of their right to franchise.”
PK leaders described the inquiry ordered by the Chief Electoral Officer of the State into the matter only a diversionary ploy. ‘By now action should have been already taken against the erring officers. We have a situation where a local political party claims to have seized more than 2000 postal ballots from the premises of the persons belonging to another political party. Election Commission accepts that the postal ballots have not gone to the individuals who are supposed to have applied for them, but have been sent in bundles to the local zonal officers. Who within the Election Commission is responsible for sending Kashmiri Pandit postal ballots to selected individuals”? commented Prof M.K. Teng while describing the role of Election Commission.
The press conference became surcharged when Panun Kashmir leaders questioned the genunity of the political process initiated by Government of India 1996. “Such a process, instead of building faith in Indian democracy, has only degenerated into a sort of referendum for secessionism in the state,” Dr Ajay said. He further commented that, “the implications of Muslim boycott in Srinagar, Rajouri, Poonch and Doda are grave for the nation. No less dangerous will be the implications of the verdicts which were manipulated through participation in Baramullah Constituency.”
Highlighting the inertia of the Election Commission Dr MK Teng asked, “who is responsible for boycott in Srinagar? Ruling party for last one year has been claiming this area to be almost normal. If such a boycott is possible in Srinagar without the perceptible threat of violence, how could relatively higher polling take place in areas of Baramullah where terrorist threat continues to loom large?” PK leaders opined that the boycott in Srinagar and coerced polling in Baramullah appears more a ploy to ensure the victories of candidates belonging to a particular party. They stressed that, “the underlying message of the poll boycott in Srinagar which was claimed to be normal and higher polling in Baramullah needs to be understood. Political process in J&K means the rule of a single chosen political party”.
Panun Kashmir leaders opined that outlook of both Government of India as well as the Election Commission of India with regard to political process in the state was flawed. “It has been our contention, right since 1996, that the dangers of conducting elections in a subverted polity with a collapsed institutional framework are grave for the nation. Besides the approach of embarking upon ensuring right of franchise of displaced Kashmiris without ensuring their right to live created a farcical election process right at its inception in 1996”, Dr Ajay commented while elaborating his views on the political process.
Dr Teng rediculed the attempts to equate the non-participation of Kashmiri Pandits with that of Hurriyat boycott. He said, “Hurriyat boycott was because it doesn’t recognise elections under Indian constitutional arrangement. For us participation in meaningless. Isn’t it rediculous to vote for the issues in a constituency from which I have been thrown out, my properties destroyed or usurped.”
Panun Kashmir questioned the wisdom of the Election Commission to have agreed to conduct elections in a state where an internal war is going on for a decade. “The Election Commission appears to have become an instrument in the hands of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Government of India and has allowed itself to be used to further a political line in regard to Jammu and Kashmir,” Dr Ajay said. Elaborating the same Dr MK Teng said that Kashmiri Pandits cannot ignore the harmony of action between Government of India, Election Commission and the various regimes in the state to convince the world that the people of Jammu and Kashmri state have all the freedom to realise its Islamic destiny in a secular society of India. He said, “the promotion of Islamisation has become an end of the political process rather than establishment of a democratic society.”
Panun Kashmir demanded the Election Commission to constitute an enquiry committee of experts to assess the implications of ensuring right to vote for a group whose right to life in his homeland has been denied. Such a committee should also go into the entire process of voting through postal ballots and fix the responsibility for the fraudulent use of postal ballots.
Concluding the press conference Dr Ajay Chrungoo urged Government of India to review its outlook on the socalled political process in the state which is merely symolic. He emphasised that, “Both the Election Commission and Government of India have put the nation in an embarassing situation in which Pan-Islamic operations and the so-called democratic process have become mutually complimentary in th state.”
THREE SHRINES OF KHIR BHAWANI
Tula-Mul, Mani Gam, Raithan from Kosher Encyclopaedia-Vol. 1 & 2 Cultural Academy
Original--Moti Lal Saqi
Translation--Dr. R.L. Bhat
TULA-MULTula-Mul is also known as Ragniya Asthapan and Kshir-Bhawani both in and outside Kashmir. The tirtha, lies 22 km to the South of Srinagar. Kshir-Bhawani asthapan is among the tirthas of Kashmir, well-known outside Kashmir too. Non Kashmir yatris flock there for Darshanas.
The historical antecedents of Kshir-Bhawani, go back to very ancient times, as per the traditions. It is said that Ragniya Devi came to Kashmir from (Sri) Lanka in the era of Ramayana. Though Ragniya is a rupa of Durga, this one is a Vaishnav rupa in Kashmir Ragniya is also known as Tripura, while in (Sri) Lanka, the Mother Goddess was called Shayama. Sita too, is believed to have been an incarnation of Ragniya. Ragniya Mahatmya has it that those who meditate on Panch Dashi Mantra during Nav-reh, Mother Ragniya grants their wish.
It is said that the night during which Mother Goddess came from (Sri) Lanka to Kashmir was Christened Ragniya Ratri In Kashmir a number of shrines are deciated to Mother Goddess at Tiker, Bhuvaneshvar, Manzgam (Noor-abad) Bheda, Lo-qraer-pur, Mani-gam, Rai-than and Baed-pur, but the Shrine at Tul-Mul is the most famous one and hence the focus of yatris. 360 springs (nagas) are said to have gathered there. Ragniya is a Sattavie form of Mother Goddess, i.e. the form of tranquility and bliss.
The first mention of Tula-Mula in Raj-Tarangni comes in Jaya Peda’s reign when the Brahmins of Tula-Mula agitated against him. The protest of Brahmin fraternity indicates that Tula-Mula commanded much importance in Jaya Peda’s time, because of which many Brahmins congregated there.
The river on whose bank, Tula-Mul stands, has been called Chandra-Bhaga in Nilamat Purana. This Chandra-Bhaga is the branch of Indus which flows by Tula-Mula and finally merges in Veth (Jehlum).
Another tradition says that in the year 4041 Sapta Rishi over a thousand years ago, when the location of Tula-Mul Tirth had been lost to the people as the whole area of Tula-Mula had been inundated by water. Krishna Pandit, a devotee of the Devi, located it again, in that year. The reason for (Jesht) Ashtami being the day of fasting for Devi, is said to be the fact that its was in the night of (Jesht) Ashtami, that Devi came to Krishna Pandit in a dream and told him that she would lead him through water to the location of her asthapana, the next day. This is said to have happened exactly so and Krishna Pandit drone pegs around the place to demarcate it. Later when the flood ebbed the shrine was established a new.
Abul Fazl writes that Tula-Mula is an area of fifty kharwars which gets flooded in summer. About the marsh, he says, that when the waters recede, people catch ½ to 1 kg fish from under the mud.
Dara Shikoh’s advisor, Maharishi Shyam Sunder Koul who was a Shakta-Margi, had a strange experience at Tula-Mula when his meat-dishes turned into vegetable ones. Devis’ devotees have a firm belief that the waters of spring, in which Devi’s shrine is located, changes colour.
Krishna Kar, attained spiritual height at this spring, during Aurangzeb’s reigin (1659 AD).
Today the shrine is spread over an approximate area of 20 miles, which contains Dharam-salas etc. The area around the spring is floored in marble.
Though there is a festival at Tula-Mula on every Ashtami of full-moon fortnight, the grand festival of the year is held on the Jesht Ashtami, in which people from Kashmir and outs-side take part.
The Devi temple of Tula-Mula is said to have been damaged in 14th or (and?) 15th centuries. The temple that was damaged (destroyed?), was also situated in the middle of the spring like the present temple. This came to light when the foundation for the new (today’s) temple was being laid. The (ancient) temple had been built of beautifully carved flat stones, that were 9 feet in length and 3 feet in breadth. Besides a number of murtis were recovered which had great splendour and beauty. Maharaja Pratap Singh built a small marble temple in 1912 AD, on the foundation of that ancient temple. The small stone icon, adorning this temple is believed by experts to be more than 600 years old.
The original name of Main Gam is MaYA Gram. The village is situated above Lar on the right-bank of Indus, a little to the interior, between 540-12(E) longitude and 340-17’ (N) latitude, at a distance of 20 kilometres from Srinagar.
In the village proper, no ancient remains are found (now) but above the village on the foot of hill there is a heap of tiles, about which (M.Aurel) Stein writes that a temple existed there. On this path, enroute to Mahind Marg, there was a pond enclosed in stone-work with an in let in the north.
This spot is now called vata-shun. Haider Malik Chadoora calls this spring “Votur-Gang”, and relates that its defiling, brought a fear of a snow-fall in Summer Hassan supported Haider Malik and has called it ‘votur-nag’. Now this spring is used by the water-works department (PHE) as a water-source.
A mela is held at this spring, on the 12th of the bright-half of Shravana. It has been called Achha-ra-na Nag in Harmukh Mahatamya.
Raithan is to the North-West of Srinagar 32 km away. Near the village, between the Son-moi river and the road, there a very large stone which the Hindus have been worshipping since time immemorial as a form of Goddess Ragniya.
Till 1975, we were not aware of any historical significance of this place. In that year the people of the area decided to build a Dharamshala and a wall around the shrine and started digging near the Ragniya aakar. During this (digging) stone murti were found in two layers. The murtis in the upper layer related to the Hindu period and those below to the Buddhism. A specimen of wood-carving and a foundation of an ancient temple were also unearthed. Besides, charcoal mixed in earth was also found which indicated the destruction of the shrine by fire in some early time. The foundation of the small edifice is in front of the stone towards north. Its lay-out points to a stupa having existed there. This is not surprising since the remains of a Boddh-Vihara existed, till only a short while ago in Arigam, just a little below Raithan. This indicates that Buddhist activities continued in the area for a long time. A little below Raithan, to the left of the road, there is a udara, which is even today called Raza-Geer (Raj Gadi-Capital). People say that coins of different period were found during ploughing.
Gh Ahmad Mahjoor, had collected many of these coins from the people. Mahjoor had been the patwari of Raithan, Ari-gam and Gra-veth, for a long time (before independence).
The murtis, that were exacavated during digging, have got broken for the lack of caution. Most of the murtis are of soft-stone (lime-stone) which is not found in the vicinity. The murtis of Buddhist period are from the view point of craftsmanship and art much graceful, (but) those of the Hindu era do not possess that finesse and instead give the impression of crudity. It appears that these are related to the 11th and 12th centuries when the sculpture in Kashmir had decayed. However, the three-faced, green stone Vishnu, that has been found there is much graceful. Probably, it has been brought to the place from somewhere else. A similiar three-faced Vishnu has been found earlier at vont-i-pur (Avantipura).
Thus the Raithan shrine has have passed through three stages. First there had been a Buddhist shrine, then its became a Vishnu shrine and now it is a place for worship of Devi.
PANDIT PREM NATH SHASTRI
EPITOME OF KP IDENTITY
By Vijay TikooIn his last words Pandit Prem Nath Shastri attributes the success of his ‘Vijyeshwar Panchang’ to not as much to his own efforts but the overwhelming support of the Kashmiri Pandit Community. These words from a man who knew that his death was not far away convey both a sense of accomplishment as well as feeling gratitude Pandit Prem Nath had reluctantly agreed to give up the job in state education department after completing his education and join his father and Guru Pandit Aftab Sharma to bring out the Kashmiri Panchang ‘Vijyashwari Jantri’ now a household name amongst Kashmiri Pandits.
In fact ‘Vijyeshwar Panchang’ over the years has become one of the most important guides for the Kashmiri Pandit Community in their day to day socio-religious dealings. Not that Kashmiri Pandit Community did not have alternative ‘Panchangs’ to adopt. In fact Brahman Maha Mandal of Kashmir for quite sometime has been taking out a ‘Panchang’ which many Kashmiri scholars opined was more accurate. Yet the Pandit Community almost through a silent consensus chose ‘Vijyeshwar Jantri’ as a guide in their socio-religious dealings. Perhaps for its better presentability and simple language. Or with this confidence that the family of Prem Nath Shastri had carried on this task for three centuries and shall ensure its continuity in the future as well.
Pandits recognise ‘Vijyeshwar Jantri’ as one of the most important institutions for maintaining their identity during such times when pressures for dissolution of the same are multiplying.
Pandit Prem Nath Shastri’s role during his life time did not remain confined to just carrying ahead a family tradition but in institutionalising it in such a way that its relevance in the social life of Kashmiri Pandits only increased with each day. During the years in exile, ‘Vijyeshwar Jantri’ became the most important instruments for Kashmiri Pandit to holding on to his identity. When the news of the demise of Pandit Prem Nath Shastri broke out, displaced Pandits received it with a stunning silence. Pandit Prem Nath Shastri through ‘Vijyeshwar Jantri’ and numerous other works endeavoured to protect Kashmiri Pandit identity and with his demise people feel as if a fulcrum around which they could rebuild their socio-cultural fabric in exile was lost.
During the years after the forced exodus of Kashmiri Pandits in 1989, Sh Prem Nath Shastri had become acutely conscious and concerned about the dangers to the cultural identity of Kashmiri Pandits in exile. ‘Our ritual traditions have become as important as they were never before. Not in their negative degenerated form, but in their positive essence. Our traditions will hold us together in exile,” he once said to us while thinking aloud on the tragedies that befell upon Kashmiri Pandits. Not surprisingly, he undertook the arduous task of commenting and explaining the main ritual traditions of Kashmiri Pandits. He brought out small booklets, audio cassettes on the significance and performance of almost all important religious traditions and rituals of Kashmiri Pandits. These capsules like Karam Kand Deepak, Shivratri Puja, Sandiya, Antim Sanskar, Janam Din Puja has had a marked impact on the Kashmiri Pandit Social life in exile. While as in the Valley such ritual traditions were the forte of only a small section of ‘Gaurs’-the priestly class of Kashmiri Brahmins, in exile through these simplified and written and audio capsules practice of the ritual traditions has become possible for one and all. Very gradually the families of displaced Kashmiri Pandits have become active participants in their religious traditions. The simple and erudite expositions of Shastri Ji both in written and audio forms on such works like Panchastavi, Bhawani Sahsranama, Mahimnapaar, Bhagwat Geeta, verses of Lal Ded have been a profound attempt to bring the spiritual tradition of Kashmiri Pandits within the reach of the displaced Hindu society from Kashmir.
Shastri Ji also understood very well the importance of preserving the Kashmiri language for the survival of Kashmiri Pandits as a distinct entheno-religious group. In all his public discourses and social interactions Pandit Prem Nath Shastri would urge the new generation to speak Kashmiri language, and transmit it to the coming generations. He also wanted the digeneous script for Kashmir to be revived. In fact his ‘Sharda Primer’ has been one of the few attempts to revive ‘Shardha Script’ amongst Kashmiri Pandits.
In his day to day living Shastri Ji was an epitome of traditional Kashmiri Pandit living. He always wore the traditional Kashmiri Pandit Pheren and the turban. His living room reflected not only the style but also the discipline of a Kashmiri Brahmin scholar. No chairs, arrangement of books on the rack, his writing desk, everything bore a traditional mark, besides his strict working schedule. But most significant was his own personality which was typically a Kashmiri Pandit type. The glow on his face, inquisitiveness of eyes, soft but stern voice and the aura of discipline. He appeared deeply orthodox by looks. But just a small conversation with him would convince about his flexibility of thought.
During his last days he had developed taste for listening to the ‘audio cassettes’ of Osho. His son had to purchase Rs 10,000 worth cassettes which Pandit Shastri would listen while fighting his disease. ‘He (Osho) has been misunderstood by the people of India. But I am a Kashmiri Brahmin. I cannot deny him his due,’ he would tell his family during his last days.
One of the last wishes of Pandit Prem Nath Shastri had been to publish a ‘Panchang’ for Jammu. Most of the work on the same has been already completed under his supervision. His sons as a tribute to him are going to bring out the first issue of ‘Ranvireshwar Panchang’ very soon. When one of us pointed out to the eldest son of Pandit Shastri that the mantle of the social and religious responsibility, which Shastri Ji had carried on his shoulders, now fell on him, he was overwhelmed and said with moist eyes in all humility, “I am feeling the weight. But I will do my best with your co-operation”.
J&K insurgency and Pak bandmasterSir,
KS is a marvellous paper and in fact the only voice of Kashmiri Pandits. The presentation of information is quite appreciable. I hope that you will send me KS regularly. There are hundreds of Kashmiri families settled in Rajasthan. I will try my best to make your paper popular in entire Rajasthan. I will also like to write for your paper.
Er. Vinod Pandit
Itarana Road, Alwar (Rajasthan)
BORDER MIGRANTS SUSPEND STRIKE
KS CorrespondentJAMMU, Sep 28: Joint Action Committee spearheading a 70 day long agitation of border migrants of Akhnoor tehsil has decided to suspend their strike following the assurance of central government to look into their problems. Special Secretary Home Affairs, Mr TR Kakkar visited Jammu on the directions of Home Minister LK Advani to take stock of the situation this followed the killing of a border migrant and injuries to many others in police lathicharge and subsequent Jammu bandh. Senior BJP leader Krishan Lal Sharma also flew from New Delhi to show solidarity with these migrants. He represented them in the talks and announced compensation of Rs 1 lac to the family of deceased, Shamsher Singh and 50,000 to the injured, Balbir from BJP.
Representatives of border migrants held meeting with visiting Home Secretary who showed helplessness to accept their demands on spot but assured to take up the matter with Home Minister LK Advani. Divisional Commissioner and IGP, Jammu were present in the meeting who were criticised by the agitation leaders for their criminal silence.
Unified Hqrs reviewed situation of border migrants in a meeting headed by
Dr Farooq Abdullah. A magisterial enquiry was ordered and people were asked to up hold communal harmony.
Meanwhile, Vaid Vishnu Dutt and Gurcharan Singh Charak have demanded relief to border migrants on pattern of Kashmir migrants.
AK-47 RIFLES FOR VDCS
KS CorrespondentJAMMU, Sep 28: Special Secretary, Home Ministry TR Kakkar reiterated Central governments’ commitment to equip VDC’s with sophisticated weapons and said that 3500 AK-47 rifles have been already sanctioned for the purpose. He said that 1200 wireless sets will be issued to these VDC’s to over come communication gap. Mr Kakkar added that 5430 SPO posts have been sanctioned besides the existing 17000 posts. He said that the Central government has provided adequate funds for salary of SPO’s and VDC’s.
Pak puts precondition on CTBTISLAMABAD, Sep 27: Pakistan has put pre-conditions on signing CTBT recognising Pak a nuclear country, adjusting loans and resolution of Kashmir issue-to sign Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
PAKISTAN ATTEMPT FRUSTRATED
KS CorrespondentJAMMU, Sep 29: India made it clear to the global community that Kashmir is an integral part of India and indicated its readiness to hold composite dialogue with Pakistan if she (Pakistan) adheres to the principles that are integral to Shimla agreement and Lahore declaration.
Addressing United Nations General Assembly on Sept 23, the Indian Foreign Minister Jaswant Singh said that India puts no pre-conditions to start dialogue with Pakistan if she abjures violence and cross border terrorism. He described Kashmir “core of Indian nationhood” and not the “core issue” as propagated by Pakistan. Mr Singh expressed his views on global issues like CTBT, reforms and expansion of UN Security Council and global terrorism.
Pakistani representative foreign minister Sartaj Aziz threatened missile and nuclear enhancement charging India for arms race. Launching tirade against India, he accused it of fomenting terrorism in their country and repression in Kashmir. He demanded plebiscite in Kashmir.
Mr Jaswant Singh met number of world leaders on the side lines of the assembly convention and discussed bilateral matters and other essential matters of international importance with them. Mr Singh met US secretary for state Madline Albright and discussed bilateral issues. Albright appreciated Indian restraint during Kargil crisis and shared India’s concern over cross border terrorism.
Ms Albright had a meeting with Pak foreign minister Sartaz Aziz and expressed her concern over Talibanisation of Pakistan polity. She also rejected demand of US mediation over Kashmir and asked Aziz to solve all issues with India bilaterally.
MILITANTS ATTACK SECRETARIAT
KS CorrespondentSRINAGAR, Sep 29: Militants today launched attack on high security area, civil secretariat at summer capital srinagar. Seven security personnel were wounded in the attack.
Militants fired at least five grenades by a Rocket Projectile Guns (RPGs) from a running vehicle. The grenades landed inside the secretariat complex causing panic among the people. Earlier, had militants gunned down a policemen and injured another in adjoining Batmaloo area.
Police claimed to have identified the culprits and launched a manhunt to nab them. Official spokesman blamed Hurriyat Conference for the attack and referred to the recent statement of Yasin Malik, chairman JKLF, of direct action in this regard. The police has registered an FIR against Hurriyat leaders Yasin Malik, Javid Mir and Bashir Tota for their involvement in the attack. Earlier also militants had made successful attacks on well fortified security installations.
ASHOK KOUL’S DEMISE MOURNED
KS CorrespondentJAMMU, Sep 30: Various religious and social organisations including Pushkar Swami Seva Ashram have mourned the demise of Mr Ashok Koul, a reputed Kashmiri Bajan Singer and Social Worker . Mr Koul breathed his last on 25th Sep 99 at Jaipur after brief illness at the age of 47.
Mr Ashok Koul was born in a respectable family at Karapora Khuski, Rainawari Srinagar and had his earlier education from DAV School Rainawari. From his childhood, he had developed interest in the service to humanity and music. He used to attend Bajan-Kirtan at Shankracharya alongwith his father.
Mr Koul associated himself with “Pushkar Seva Ashram Lok Bhawan, Anantnag” in 1980 and worked for the development of the shrine. He became a deciple of “Posh Bab” and recited Bhajans and and Kirtans for nights together.
His Bajan cassettes Posh-Dall, Posh-Pooja and Paunchastvi, Mahimnapar etc are being played in Kashmiri Pandit households and temples.
SIKHS RESENT MUSLIM PGPC CHIEF
KS CorrespondentSikh community of Pakistan has expressed strong resentment to the appointment of a Muslim as chief of Pakistan Gurdwara Prabandak Committee (PGPC). They described appointment of former ISI chief Javed Nasir as chairman of PGPC as sacrilegious and feared persecution by the establishment. They wondered if a Sikh can be asked to head the Haj committee. They also complained that the Sikh shrines are not being maintained and many Sikhs have resigned from the committee in protest.
NOIDA KP BODY
KS CorrespondentNEW DELHI, Sep 18: Kashmiri Pandits residing at NOIDA have constituted a body christened as “Kashmiri Migrants Welfare Association NOIDA.” Messers ML Koul, Ashok Manvati, LN Koul and Kuldeep Khasu, DL Dhar and CL Pandit, PL Koul have been appointed president, general secretary, vice-presidents, joint secretaries and the treasurer respectively. The committee has other 15 executive members.
HURRIYAT LEADERS PREVENTED
KS CorrespondentNEW DELHI, Sep 23: The emigration authorities today disallowed Hurriyat leaders Mirwaz Umar Farooq and Abas Ansari from leaving the country to attend organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) meet at New York.
DAR BLAMES NC
KS CorrespondentSRINAGAR, Sep 24: Janata Dal (United) candidate from Anantnag parliamentary constituency and former Union Minister of State for Home, Mohd Maqbool Dar has blamed National Conference of encouraging militancy and appealed to the voters of Anantnag constituency to stop boycott and vote.
Addressing a press conference, while comparing Farooq Abdullah and his ministry with “Ali Baba Chalees Chor” (Ali Baba and his forty theives), he said that NC is looting people with both hands and corruption is at height. He said that ministers are constructing palatial Bungalows like ‘Sheesh Mahal’ at Bathindi and other places.
PSA ENFORCED ON HURRIYAT
KS CorrespondentSRINGAR, Sep 25: The State government has decided to detain separatist leaders under Public Safety Act (PSA) and detained, Hurriyat leaders-Ghulam Ahmed Gulzar, Ghulam Mohd Sankar, Maqbool Sofi, Abdul Ahad Deenthoo, Khizar Mohd Ganai, Azad Ahmad Bangroo and Abdul Rashid Shigan. They were lodged at Udhampur jail. Syed Ali Shah Geelani and Prof Gani were also held under PSA and detained at Srinagar jail.
ISI HAND IN MOULVI’S KILLING
KS CorrespondentNEW DELHI, Sep 26: Former chairman JKLF Hashim Qureshi held Pakistan’s ISI responsible for killing of religious leader Moulvi Farooq in 1990 in Srinagar. He said that as Farooq was asking Kashmiri youth for talking of only independence and not accession with Pakistan he was silenced by ISI agents. He described Ammanullah Khan as a puppet in the hands of ISI. Mr Qureshi revealed these facts in his book: Kashmir-The Unveiling Truth.
SRINAGAR TIMES EDITOR ATTACKED
KS CorrespondentSRINAGAR, Sep 28: Militants launched a grenade attack on the residence of Srinagar Times editor Sifi Ghulam Ahmed at Buchwara, Dalgate. However, there was no damage.
KS CorrespondentJAMMU,: JKLF chief Amman Ullah Khan is garnering support to his plans of crossing LoC in J&K on 4th October, 1999. He has urged youth to take part in the crossing. Mr Khan is planning the crossing to focus international attention on Kashmir and reported attempts of converting LoC into international border.
While India has asked Pakistan to make it sure that sactity of LoC is not violated there are reports that Pak may not stop the JKLF activists from crossing LoC to make Indian army to do the job. Pakistan is plannnig so to escape opposition from Kashmir groups in many foreign countries who think that Pak sabotaged Kashmir cause during Kargil crisis END
PAK MERCENARIES IN RUSSIA
KS CorrespondentJAMMU: About 2000 Islamic militants have entered Russian Republic from Chechanaya to trigger fresh violence is Dagestan and surrounding areas.
The Islamic militants triggered heavy blasts in multi-storeyed buildings and army barracks killing more than 200 people. Russia quickly reacted and attacked. However, there is reportedly high concentration of militants across Chechanya border to sneak into Russia and militants have threatened to take the war deep into the heart land of Russia.
Russian President Boris Yelstin has appealed to people to ready themselves to fight international terrorism saying, “terrorism has declared war on the people of Russia.” There are reports about Pak mercenaries fighting alongwith other Islamic terrorists against the Russia force. Reportedly more than 2000 Islamic terrorists have been eliminated by Russia in rataliatory action during last week.
KS CorrespondentNEW DELHI, Sep 15: Amidst reports of large scale concentration of mercenaries in many pocket of J&K State and governments renewed resolve to crush militancy, a revamp in Army in J&K is under way to facilitate deployment of more personnel. As per official sources, the 15 Corps, which was incharge of Kashmir and Ladakh region, will now look after Kashmir only while Ladakh region will be looked after by 14 Corps.
GOVT RESPONSIBLE FOR REVIVING MILITANCY - KUKA PARAY
KS CorrespondentSRINAGAR, Sep 16: Chairman J&K Awami League and MLA Kuka Parray launched a scathing attack on the ruling National Conference and State government and accused the government of reviving militancy in J&K.
Addressing election rallies in Baramulla parliamentary constituency he claimed that normalcy would have returned if Farooq government had heeded to our warnings in time. He accused National Conference for raising non-issues and described governments achievements of employment drive as a campaign of jobs on sale.
Mr Parray also lambasted Hurriyat Conference and PDP in his speeches.
BJP NOMINEE FORCED TO OPT OUT
KS CorrespondentSRINAGAR: After elemination of BJP’s Anantnag parliamentary constituency candidate Hyder Noorani, the new nominee of the party (Dr) Abdul Rehman Sheikh was forced to opt out of the race as his 7 year old son was abducted by gunmen on the day of filing of his nomination. Subsequently, BJP fielded Showkat Hussain Wani from the constituency.
Surprisingly, Rehman Sheikh blamed surrendered militants for abduction and said that he was facing threat from Showkat Hussain Wani, who happens to be a surrendered militant. He claimed that the abductors have demanded Rs 5 lac as ransom and he talked about it to Union Home Minister. He said that he and Mr Abdul Rashid Kabuli are opposed to induction of surrendered militants in the party fold. Next day, his son was released against a reported ransom of 2.5 lac.
Later Sheikh termed BJP’s decision to nominate Wani as disasterous and wanted party high command to take serious note of the developments.
LADEN DECLARES JIHAD AGAINST INDIA
KS CorrespondentJAMMU: As per reports from Islamabad, the fugutive Osama Bin Laden, a notorious terrorist, has declared Jihad against India and asked his caders and other militant groups in Pakistan to join hands to target India.
Bin Laden who is based in Afghanistan has described US and India as enemies and appaled for combined efforts of Pak based terrorist groups.
Laden had earlier declared war against USA, He is wanted in Washington who had launched a missile attack on his suspected hideouts in Afganistan earlier. Mr Laden and his followers are reportedly in possession of dreaded weaponary including stinger missiles.
Reacting to the Bin Ladens reported Jihad against India, Union Home Minister Lal Krishan Advani vowed to fight religious terrorism tooth and nail. Talking to reporters at Bubaneshwar (Orrisa), he said that terrorists are mistaken if they understand that India is a “soft state” and asserted that the Jihad will be crushed with same firmness as the intrusion in Kargil. Advani claimed to have launched systematic drive to neutralise ISI modules in India.
Meanwhile, Hurriyat Conference debunked Laden and said that he has no role in Kashmir movement. Hurriyat leader and its former chairman Umar Farooq said that he has no locus standi in the Valley and his aim is to spread Islamic Jehad. Umar Farooq who was in New Delhi for his mission to go to USA to attend OIC meet described Kargil instrusion uncalled for which damaged the separatist cause.
He claimed that supporters of our movement in the-US, UK and France had to intervene to censure Pakistan.
The chairman of All India Muslim Shariet Board chairman Dr Mohd Amaan Khan described Ladens Jihad against India against tenants of Islam and said what to call of an individual even no country has right to declare Jihad against India inhabiting second largest Muslim population after Indonesia.
KS CorrespondentAMRITSAR, Sep 19: An obnoxious plan of ISI to target top politicians was foiled when Punjab police forced two human bombs-Manjit Singh and Amrik Singh to surrender.
DG Punjab Police Sarabjit Singh said that the militants revealed about the efforts of ISI and Babhar Khalsa International (BKI) to sabotage election process and recruit more Sikhs for arms training.
LADAKH SCOUTS HONOURED
KS CorrespondentLEH, Sep 18: Ladakh scouts who played a valiant role during Kargil war and dislodged the intruders from important peaks, was honoured today with “Chief of the Army Staff Banner”.
Presenting the honour at a glittering function at scouts headquarters, General VP Malik appreciated the meritorious performance of Ladakh scouts in operation Vijay which will be enshrined in the annals of Indian victory.
CENTRE BLAMED FOR LOW TURNOUT
KS CorrespondentJAMMU, Sep 22: Senior National Conference leader and ministers for Parks and Gardens, Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad Shah held centre and security forces responsible for low turn out in parliamentary elections in the state.
In an interviews to JKNL, local edition of Indian Express, Mr Shah wondered how security forces ensured a reasonable turn out during 1996 elections when militancy was at height. He said that centre and security forces were trying to show failure of NC government. Mr Shah blamed centre for sheilding surrendered militants and creating a financial crunch in the state.
Mr Shah described PDP as a creation of intelligence Bureau (IB) funded by Central government.
Mr Shah also justified use of security forces to ensure voting to frustrate evil designs of Pakistan.
CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS
August 14 to September 15Aug 14: Continuing their attacks on security establishments, militants attacked RR Brig HQR Manasbal, RR patrol party and ITBP camp Magam while a total of 14 people-9 army men, 2 counter insurgents and 3 militants-were killed in Kashmir Valley. Police rounded up 95 suspects, including criminals, on eve of independence day in Jammu.
Aug 15: Militants failed to disrupt Independence day functions while 2 HM militants were killed in Kokernag (Anantnag). Valley observed a near total bandh in response to militants call. A cop was killed in cross firing with militants at Bapp Sarar and militants blasted the re-inforcement vehicle killing 3 SPO’s and injuring 12 others in Sudh Mahadev in Udhampur district.
Aug 16; 11 civilians, including 7 in Zirhama (Kupwara) blast, were killed in militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley while 2 jawans and a civilian were killed in Rajouri district. 1 militant was killed and 3 cops injured in an encounter at Sabjian, Mandi. 1 jawan and 2 militants were killed in an un-successful attempt of Pak to capture an Indian post in Ramgarh sector. Farooq Abdullah attended annual Havan at Nagdandi and hoped of early return of migrnats.
Aug 17: 1 teacher and 2 militants were killed in an encounter at Khalba, Thannamandi (Rajouri) while 2 jawans were killed and 2 injured in two different encounters in Doda district. 4 militants, 1 BSF jawan and a civilian got killed in militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley. A rocket reportedly fired from Fallan Mandal area on LoC aiming army establishment landed in Greater Kailash area without causing any harm.
Aug 18: 2 MiG-21 crashed in Srinagar soon after take off from Srinagar air base. Militants attacked PCR Doda, CRPF patrol at Thatri (Doda) and STF post at Baljarlan (Rajouri) but there was no loss of life from either side. A LET militant operating in J&K was arrested in Hyderabad.
Aug 19: 16 people including 9 militants and 5 security force personnel were killed in different militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley while 2 girls were killed in Pak shelling in Uri sector. Militant, gunned down a surrendered militant in Thannamandi area of Rajouri district.
Aug 20: Security forces eliminated 3 militants in Kupwara while militants liquidated 2 SSB drivers in Srinagar city and an Army source in Rafeeabad. Farooq Abdullah ordered crime branch inquiry in the massacre of Mohra Bichar, Surankot on the intervening night of 28-29 June.
Aug 21: 2 Foreign militants, 3 army personnel and 1 civilian were killed in a fierce encounter at Achabal. While 1 alleged militant was killed in Uri. 1 militant was killed at Dhara Jarian, Thannamandi. union Home Secretary is on a visit to state to review security scenario and poll arrangements.
Aug 22: Militants shot dead an army source in Latishat, Sopore and injured 3 counter insurgents in an attack at Ikhwan and SOG camp at Wawoora (Lolab). Police foiled an attempt of militants to strike in Jammu by recovering consignments including 15 kg RDX in a village near border in Akhnoor. One militant was arrested in Kishtwar.
Aug 23: Militants killed an NC activist in Srinagar city in their anti-election operation while 2 BSF jawans and 2 militants were killed in other militancy related incidents in Valley. Police today arrested 2 arms smugglers and ISI activist and remaining consignment of RDX in Akhnoor. One person was killed in Pak shelling in Kargil on Srinagar-Kargil highway, one militant was killed in an encounter at Khari Marg (Rajouri).
Aug 24: Army killed 2 foreign mercenaries in an encounter at Bothal Ghai, Rajouri while 2 infilitrators were killed and 3 nabbed in RS Pura sector. Two brothers were injured in a blast at Dalal (Poonch).
Aug 25: Security forces eliminated 5 mercenaries in Rajouri and Poonch districts while 1 cop and 1 civilian were killed and 5 injured in these operations. Militants shot down a constable and army source in Kashmir valley and injured 2 BSF cops and 11 civilians in a blast in Anantnag. SOG, RR also raided the residence of an under secretary in Home department and demanded Pakistani weapon which as per their version was in possession of her brother.
Aug 26: Militants gunned down an ex-serviceman, police cop and a civilian and injured 7 persons including security personnel in different militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley. Army and SOG killed 2 more militants in Poonch district. Army recovered arms including anti-tank mine in Akhnoor sector. Senior Hurriyat leaders were put on house arrest for anti-election campaign.
Aug 27: Security forces eliminated 8 militants in a fierce encounter at Gopalpora (Anantnag) while 4 persons were injured in a grenade explosion in Srinagar city. Army gunned down 2 mercenaries in Jhangar, Nowshera in Rajouri district.Militants kidnapped and later killed a police constable at Gurnal (Banihal).
Aug 28: Militants killed a civilian and a counter insurgent while forces eliminated 3 militants in Kashmir valley. Meanwhile, a civilian and 1 RR jawan were killed in Gopalpora encounter 1 army jawan was killed in Pak firing in RS Pura sector.
Aug 29: In their anti-poll campaign militants launched their attack on NC and PDP in Anantnag district killing PDP activist and injured many others. Militants also killed an army source and injured 6 television crew members in Srinagar city. Two women were killed in an explosion at Bhatti Mohalla (Doda) while a civilian was at Gulhati (Rajouri).
Aug 30: Security forces gunned down 9 foreign militants at Astanwari forest in Kupwara district losing a major and a jwan. Militants ambushed a vehicle and killed 4 police personnel at Sheerabad, Baramulla. Elsewhere in Valley militants gunned down 5 persons including 3 counter insurgents. 1 militant was killed and a civilian injured in Doda district while a tragedy was averted by timely detection of IED on National Highway at Ramban.
Aug 31: Security forces eliminated 8 militants-6 in Nowgam sector and two in Lolab valley-while a soldier was killed in Nowgam operation and a surrenderd militant and 3 civilians were killed by militants in Kashmir valley. Militants attacked police posts in Doda district. Delhi police arrested 2 Kashmiri militants and recovered 10 kg RDX from them in Delhi.
Sep 1: Army foiled an attempt of ISI to disrupt poll process by eliminating 8 infiltrating mercenaries at Rani post in Poonch district. 2 RR jawans and a civilian were killed in an encounter at Chatla, Doda. Troops eliminated a mercenary in Lolab, Kupwara while militants killed a woman in Bandipora and a civilian was killed in cross firing in Handwara.
Sep 2: BSF killed 4 militants in two different encounters at Kalaban and Mandi forests in Poonch district while bid to blow a Gurdwara and a school in Rajouri district was foiled by timely detection of IEDS. In Kashmir valley 9 persons including 2 army personnel, 1 BSF jawan, 2 militants and a NC activist were killed in militancy related incidents.
Sep 3: An army prsonnel and a militant were killed in different incidents in Poonch district while a bomb was neutralised in Surankot area. A handicapped young girl was molested and later killed by militants in Rajouri district. Militants continued their attacks on mainstream politicians to intimidate people for poll boycott. Meanwhile, Farooq Abdullah vowed to crush the militancy as army in now back to take on militants.
Sep 4: A BSF cop was killed by a group of 3 militants who stormed an office complex in Handwara and later were killed by para troopers. In other militancy related incidents 6 militants were eliminated while militants launched pre-poll attacks on various places including MLAs hostel across Kashmir valley. Army avoided major tragedy by timely detection of 6 IEDs’ on Rajouri-Darhal road. Militants gunned down 2 civilians, one each in Rajouri and Doda district. Valley observed a near total bandh in response to Hurriyat call to oppose elections.
Sep 5: 3 militants were killed in Kashmir valley while a youth was shot dead by militants in Banihal. Indian Army destroyed a Pak ammunition dump in Turtuk sector in relations to Pak shelling.
Sep 6: 4 militants were eliminated by forces in Rajouri, Udhampur and Doda districts while a youth was kidnapped by militants in Ramban area. 2 militants were killed by ITBP in Kokernag area while a civilian was killed by militants in Bandipore. Meanwhile, an army Havaldar died accidently in Jammu region and a JCO gunned down 2 colleagues in Kupwara district.
Sep 7: Militants eliminated BJP’s Anantnag candidate Hyder Noorani along with another activist and driver in a landmine at Thajiwara (Kanelwan) while 5 persons-1 soldier, 1 militant and 3 civilians were killed in other militancy related incidents in Valley.
Sep 8: 12 persons-8 militants, 3 ex-militants, 1 army havaldar were killed in militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley. While 2 militants were killed and 2 army jawans injured in Jammu region. Army also recovered 24 kgs of explosives from Chandi Marh (Poonch).
Sep 9: 11 BJP workers and 2 cops were injured when militants attacked a campaigning vehicle in Doda town. Security forces eliminated 3 militants, including dreaded Moosa Talibani alias doctor of Pakistan, at Sabjan (Rajouri). Militants gunned down 3 persons includinjg a SPO in Kashmir valley. Pak intruders killed 2 army jawans and injured 14 others in Hiranagar area.
Sep 10: While former Union State Home Mminister Mr Maqboor Dar escaped unhurt in militant attack, militants gunned down a Congress activist and security forces eliminated 4 militants in Kashmir valley. Militants attacked a police post set up for safe guard of minority community at Kashihama (Baramulla) and escaped with police weaponry. Security forces killed 2 infilitrators and recovered 40 kg RDX in Rajouri sector. Security forces recovered 3 AK-47 rifles and other ammunition in Hiranagar sector. A militant’s hideout was destroyed by RR in Banihal (Doda).
Sep 11: 7 persons-2 RR jawans, 3 militants, 1 army source and a civilian woman-were killed in militancy related incidents in Kashmir valley. 2 Pak intruders were killed by forces in Ramgarh sector while Tahreek Jehad Islami province chief Shikara was killed at Nadyali (Surankot) and 1 SPO was killed by militants at Nalthi-Seoj Dhar (Bhadarwah).
Sep 12: 3 person including a counter insurgent were killed by militants in Kashmir valley while militants attacked RR camp Budgam. 5 Pak army intruders were eliminated by BSF and 4 others were injured in Chhamb sector.
Sep 13: Militants made unsuccessful attempt on life of Mustafa Kamal, Mufti Mohd Sayeed, Mehbooba Mufti and Javed Shah while 9 security persons and party activists were injured in these attacks. Militants killed chief election agent of Azad Nabi contesting from Anantnag along with his sister-in-law, while a village headman was injured at Hardpora (Anantnag). Militants also killed a former JKAP constable.
Police arrested 2 absonconding Pakistanis in Hiranagar while Kashmiri militants who had come on rescue mission managed their escape-3 BSF jawans were injured when they killed a Pak intruder and injured other 2 Ramgarh sector. Militants fired rockets on Budhal town killing a civilian at bus stand Budhal.
Sep 14: Militants killed 2 persons in Tral area and launched a rocket attack on BSF camp. Militants shot dead a civilian at Basoi Dhok in Budhal (Rajouri) while an army camp and Lance Naik were reportedly killed in an encounter with militants in Poonch district.
Sep 15: 2 militant and 7 civilians were killed when the militants were preparing an IED which blasted in the house at Pahaldaj (Handwara). 6 more militants were killed in different encounters in North Kashmir while militants killed 2 civilians and injured 27 CRPF men in a blast at Sopore. Pakistan again targetted Pallanwala and 2 civilians were killed in Pak firing
THOSE WHO LEFT USKashmir Sentinel and Panun Kashmir Foundation mourn their sad demise and pray for the peace to the departed souls.
1. Sh Shamboo Nath Mattoo, R/o 81-Mandir Bagh Gowkadal Srinagar; presently at 59-A Pamposh Shalimar Garden Ext-II Sahibabad. 30/8/99
2. Sh. Raj Rani Parimoo W/o Late Sh Arjan Nath Parimoo, R/o Badiyar Balla. 1/9/99
3. Pt. Prem Nath Shastri C/o Vijeyshwar Parivar Ajit Colony Gole Gujral Jammu. 26/8/99
4. Smt. Kamlawati Gurtoo W/o Sh Raghunath Gurtoo, R/o Badiyar Payeen Sgr; presently at 151-B, Ram Vihar Old Janipur, Jammu. 3/9/99.
5. Smt Soomawati Raina W/o Late Sh Amarnath Raina, R/o Village Akoora Mattan, Kmr; presently at 116 MLA’s Hostel Old Block, Jammu. 5/9/99.
6. Sh Kashi Nath Bhat, R/o 149 Sathu Payeen Barbarshah. 31/8/99
7. Sh. Mahadev Lal Kher, R/o Achan, Verinag; presently at 8A Hydel Society Sector-46, Faridabad. 1/9/99.
8. Sh Kashi Nath Tickoo S/o Late Sarwanand Tickoo, R/o Habba Kadal, Sgr; presently at D/239 Lower Shiv Nagar behind AG’s Office, Jammu. 16/9/99
9. Smt Arandati Nagri W/o Late Sh Raj Nath Nagri, R/o Karfali Mohalla Habba Kadal, Sgr; presently at Sector-15 Block No: 10 Sarwal, Jammu. 3/9/99
10. Sh Gopi Nath Pandit S/o Late Shivjee Pandit, R/o Fatehpora, Anantnag; presently at Jawahar Nagar, Udhampur. 2/9/99
11. Sh Shyam Lal Bhan, R/o Chinkral Mohalla, Sgr; presently at A-405 Gitanjali Aptt. Delhi-92. 2/9/99
12. Sh. Omkar Nath Pandita (Retd. Senior Lecturer), R/o Kachwa Muquam (Baramulla) at present 470, Phase Ist Muthi Camp Jammu. 7/9/99.
13. Sh Triloki Nath Parimoo S/o Late Sh Tarachand Parimoo, R/o Houe No: 218, Police Lines Udhampur. 8/9/99.
14. Sh Shamboo Nath Koul S/o Late Kantha Koul, R/o Village Salia District Anantnag; presently at Qtr. No: 628 (Jhiri Phase) Nagrota Migrant Camp. 8/9/999
15. Smt. Kamlawati W/o Late Anandji Bachloo, R/o Battapora Sopore, presently at Laxmi Puram Sector B-1, Chinore, Bantalab. 9/9/99
16. Sh. Shyam Lal Thusoo, R/o Golaingoo Kupwara; presently at Q.No: 560 Block-F, Mishriwala Camp, Jammu. 8/9/99
17. Smt Shyam Rani Dhar W/o Sh V.N. Dhar, R/o Tullamulla Ganderbal, Sgr; presently at K.B. Nagar, Bantalab, Jammu. 10/9/99.
18. Sh Niranjan Nath Koul S/o Late Sh Keshav Nath Koul, R/o Rainawari, Sgr; presently at 45-B, Bhawani Nagar, Talab Tillo, Jammu. 10/9/99
19. Pt. Soom Nath Koul S/o Late Sh Dina Nath Koul, R/o Kharyar IInd Bridge Srinagar, presently at Bhagwati Nagar, Sector-1, Canal Road, Jammu. 12/9/99.
20. Smt. Shobawati Bhat W/o Late Sh Raghunath Bhat, R/o Purshyar Habba Kadal Srinagar; presently at 537-A Colnol’s Colony Bohri, Jammu. 12/9/99
21. Smt. Roop Rani Koul W/o Late Amarnath Koul, R/o Bul Bul Lanker Srinagar; presently at 666-A, Talab Tillo, Near Jain Colony, Jammu. 12/9/99.
22. Pt Kashi Nath Bhat, R/o Tulmula; presently at 237/3 Anderaws Ganj New Delhi. 12/9/99.
23. Smt. Rupawati Raina W/o Sh. Swarup Nath Raina, R/o Budhmulla-Baramulla; presently at 303 Sector: 9, Faridabad. 11/9/99
24. Smt. Kamla Zutshi W/o Sh Gopi Nath Zutshi, R/o Karafeli Mohalla Sgr; R/o Vikas Lane Lane No: 1, Shakti Nagar, Jammu. 15/9/99.
25. Sh. Shakti Magazine W/o Late Shivjee Magazine, R/o 17-B, Shastri Nagar, Jammu. 12/9/99.
26. Sh. Pitamber Nath Moza S/o Shiv Jee Moza, R/o Mattan District Anantnag, Kmr; presently at Sharda Colony Patoli Brahman, Akhnoor Road, Jammu. 14/9/99
27. Smt. Mohini Lahori W/o Sh. Sham Sunder Lahori, R/o Batapora, Shopian; presently at 138-H. Sector-1, Durga Nagar, Jammu. 19/9/99.
28. Pt. Jia Lal Koul (Katal), R/o Karapora Khushki, Rainawari, Sgr; presently at Govindpura Pir Baba Morh Chatta, Jammu.
29. Smt. Poshkuj W/o Late Shamboo Nath Pandita, R/o Lok Bhawan (Larkipora) Anantnag; presently at Nagrota Camp (Qtr. No: 264/265), Jammu. 20/9/99
30. Sh Jia Lal Koul S/o Late Sh Narayan Koul, R/o House No: 105, Lane-4, Anand Nagar Bhori, Talab Tillo, Jammu. 23/9/99.
31. Sh. Brij Mohan Koul (Pehelwan), R/o Safapora; presently at House No: 215, Sector: 5, Trikuta Nagar, Jammu. 22/9/99.
32. Smt. Shobawati Gurtoo W/o Late Radha Krishen Gurtoo, R/o Badiyar Payeen Nai Sarak, Sgr; presently at 151-B, Ram Vihar Old Janipora, Jammu. 24/9/99.
33. Sh. Ashok Koul S/o Late Sh T.N. Koul, R/o Karapora Khushki Rainawari; presently at Qtr. No: 152B, Lawan Marg, Institutional Area, Jhalana Dungri, Jaipur. 25/9/99.
34. Sh. Shiban Lal Koul S/o Sh. Lassa Koul, R/o Chandergund, Shopian, Kashmir. 23/9/99.
35. Smt Roopaji (Choti) W/o Late Sh Brij Nath Pandita (Bagh), R/o Nowgam Achabal; presently at Qtr. No: 252, Nagrota Camp, Jammu.
36. Sh. Shyam Lal Mussa, S/o Late Sh Tikka Ram Mussa, R/o Mattan, Kashmir; presently at Ploura, Jammu. 26/9/99.
37. Sh. Ashok Raina S/o Late Dina Nath Raina, R/o Trisal Pulwama, presently at H.No: 422, Sector: 2, Vinayak Nagar, Muthi, Jammu. 25/9/99.
38. Sh. Radha Krishen Raina, R/o Batpora, Kanihama Magam; presently at Shastri Niwas No: 15, Rajpora, Shakti Nagar, Jammu. 26/9/99
39. Sh. Shiv Jee Bhat (Gusani) S/o Late Pt. Lassa Bhat, R/o 110-Lal Mandi Srinagar. 28/9/99.
40. Smt. Chand Rani Handoo W/o Shri H.No: Handoo, R/o Khah Bazar Anantnag; presently at 18-B, Gandhi Nagar, Jammu. 28/9/99