LARGEST CIRCULATED ENGLISH FORTNIGHLY OF J&K
ISSUE FOR THE FORTNIGHT APRIL 15-30, 1999
The sun-god is in essence is a Vedic god and its reverential worship has been widely prevalent throughout including Kashmir. In the Rig-veda we find a web of mythology woven around the sun-god known as Aditi. During the upanishadic era the sun-worship had assumed tremendous significance and the Chamdogya upanishad is replete with references to the sun-worship as it created life and also nourished it. In the Mahabharata the sun-god attained a sweeping sovereign status and in some respects was deemed more significant than most other gods in the Hindu pantheon. The sun-worship was so pervasive that massive temples were built in honour of the sun-god. The magnificent Konark temple, built in the eleventh century A.D. testifies to the importance and prevalence of the sun-god worship.
Pandit scholars who were intimately connected with Dr George Grierson were not at all in
agreement with his formulations about the origins of Kashmiri language. There were many
other European scholars like Ralph Turner, Joules Block, Stenkonow and George
Morgenhtierna, who openly flouted the observations made by Grierson. The fundamental
word-hoard of Kashmiri language, its syntax, its noun and verb forms and more than most
words related to agricultural processes and names of implements used during such
operations owe their origin to Sanskritic word-hoard. Dr Grierson has placed Kashmiri in
the Dardic group of dialects and subdialects. These, as per him, are intermediate to the
Indo-Aryan and Iranian groups of languages. Stenkonow and Joule Block have placed the
Dardic languages or dialects within the Indo-Aryan grou of languages and not in the
Iranian cluster of languages. Even the very word 'Dard' is itself a Sanskritic word and as
language is a metamorphosed form of old Vedic Sanskrit Languages Chitrali, Kafri, Shina, Kashmiri and Kohistani are the Dardic group of languages,which in terms of linguistics are directly related to Paischachi, which is a recognised prakrit, having a sufficient quanta of litterature.
According to Hornley, Pashachi is a Dravidian prakrit, but Purshotamdeva and Dr Gune as experts consider it a meta-morphosed form of Sanskrit and Shaursemi prakrit. It is peritnent to put that Dr TN Ganjoo under the able guidance of Dr RK Sharma, former HoD of Hindi, Kashmir University, has thoroughly researched the subject and established the origin of Kashmiri language to the Vedic Sanskrit. Dr Grierson had colonialist imperatives in distorting the origins of Kashmiri language in a region, which was being eyed by British Imperial government for imperialist designs. Dr Grierson, whose presumptions were accepted uncritically, was equally unaware of the fact that the litterature of Kashmiri language pre-dated fourteenth century and references in this behalf, which are of extreme relevance are available from the works of Abhinavagupta, Bilhana, Kalhana.